The idea of International Women’s Day was born for the first time around the turn of the last century, when the industrialized world expanded, unrest prevailed, the population grew rapidly and radical ideologies emerged. In accordance with a declaration by the American Socialist Party, the first National Women’s Day was celebrated on February 28, 1909 in the United States.
In this article we will disclose the history of Women’s Day: why it is celebrated, what is its meaning, notes and topics to be explored on March 8th
International Women’s Day Meaning
The ‘ March 8 is celebrated the International Women’s Day, a time of remembrance and reflection on the political, social gains, economic of the female gender. The history of the women’s day dates back to the early twentieth century. For many years, the origin of March 8 was traced back to a tragedy that occurred in 1908, which would have had the workers of online dissertation help industry in New York as protagonists, killed by a fire. The fire of 1908 was however confused with another fire in the same city, which occurred in 1911 and where 146 victims were recorded, including many women. The facts that actually led to the institution of Women’s Day are actually more related to the claim of women’s rights, including the right to vote.
World Women’s Day: What’s Behind Women’s Day?
Today, World Women’s Day, also known as Women’s Day, International Women’s Day or Women’s Day of Fighting, is all about raising awareness of and combating violence against and disadvantage for women worldwide. It is about enforcing gender equality. Because with all the achievements of the past 100 years this is still not made. And it’s about standing up for the sexual self-determination of women.
The very first main goal of the women’s movement was to fight for the right to vote for women. Around 1900 women did not have the option to vote, nor could they take an active part in the political process. They were not allowed to join a party or a union. And universities? Women were not admitted there either and were therefore not allowed to hold a university degree.
Time to change that: in 1910, the women’s rights activist Clara Zetkin spoke again at a conference of socialist women in Copenhagen for the introduction of an international women’s day. And almost a year later, on March 19, 1911, women’s day also took place for the first time. As a day of struggle: women take to the streets not only in Germany, but also in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and the USA to campaign for their right to vote.
But the demands did not lead to success until 1918: the right to vote and stand for women is enshrined in the law. In 1919, women in Germany were allowed to take part in the election for the first time – and let themselves be voted for.
Although this was a big step forward, the successes that women had previously fought for collapse again during the Nazi era. You will be the focus here, especially as a mother. And that is also their mission: to have children and to look after the home.
In Switzerland, there is the right to vote for women only since 1971. In Liechtenstein women have only been able to vote since 1984.
Second Wave of the Women’s Movement
It was only in the 1960s that women’s day and the associated struggle for equality became more significant. And this is urgently necessary, because without the husband’s consent, there is still not much going on for women: women cannot open their own accounts until 1962. Until 1969 they needed their husband’s consent to be allowed to work – and that only works if the woman managed to reconcile work with her “duties in marriage and family”.
Rape within the marriage is not recognized as such and accordingly remains unpunished. Rape in marriage has only been a crime since 1997 (!).
100 Years of Female Suffrage
2019 is the year in which a very significant victory for women rights fighters – the right to vote for women – has celebrated its 100th year. However, there is still a lot to do before we all stand side by side on an equal footing.
We have summarized what current topics are and what else is important, on the topic of World Women’s Day and women’s rights, in a small ABC of women’s rights. We know that this is far from complete. But we will continue to add to it gradually.
In short, summarized, we can say that Women’s Day originates from female political movements to claim women’s rights at the beginning of the twentieth century. For a few years, women’s day was celebrated on different days in the various countries of the world, while March 8 became the most widespread date following the Second International Conference of Communist Women of 1921 and the decision, taken there, to establish the International Workers’ Day.
Today Women’s Day has somewhat lost its initial value. While there are women’s organizations that continue to try to raise public awareness of the various problems that affect women – such as violence against women and the wage gap compared to men – many women consider this day as an opportunity to go out alone with friends, leaving husbands, companions and children at home, and indulge in some “whim”, which perhaps in other evenings would not be allowed. Since last 100 years women are struggling to get their rights and think of only that this is a festival is really shamming. We must respect this day as it gives freedom to a women and give her equal rights. Try to celebrate this day in the memory of great women who are not with us and the fights they fought to give women freedom. So, more than 100 years after its introduction, Women’s Day is not just a festival, but still a day of struggle.