Healthy animals play a great role in the economy and safety of one specific country’s food supply. It also contribute to the maintaining of the production of healthy livestock to guarantee a safe food supply and retain consumer prices constant.
What is animal health?
As far as animals are concerned, health means the absence of disease. It can also be defined as the normal functioning of an organism which lead normal behavior of the animal. The assertion of the normality of the state of the animal is generally founded on the observation of a precise amount of individuals used to determine the standard and consequently the health. As far as production sector is concerned, health refers to the best state of productivity. Nevertheless, health should also include the balance between the animal and its environment, and of the animal’s physical welfare which mainly lays on the animal health, coccidiosis treatment, microbiota, reduce oxidative stress.
Importance of animal health
Animal disease eruptions can be very expensive to humans. In fact, animal murders, trade breaks, and successive disease abolitionlabors may cost many billions to the world. Along with human health, animal diseases ‘ inferences can negativelyinfluence public health, global trade, and the stability of the agricultural part of the economy. The fact is that the diseases that shake animal health can affect humans. If they are tackled while they hunt the animals, these diseases will not only be quickly addressed but it will be much easier and less expensive to fix them. So, the focus on the interdependent relationship between animal and human health should be included within the global disease prevention.
As the global population needs more and more high-quality protein supplies, natural resources are more required. And owing to the modern tools such as better nutrition, vaccinations and improving breeding, the efficiency of livestock production has meaningfully upgraded. But it seems no to be enough for the two billion more people to feed by 2050. Investments should then stress more on the development, the prevention tools and the treatment and technologies to improve the quality of the habitats and the environment of the animals within the farms, especially the family farms.
In fact, for farm families of the world, livestock constitutes a vitalsource of community growth. Apart from being a basis of healthy proteins, livestock are seen as an investment that can help for families ‘living. For instance, a single animal can deliver food for the entire family, compost for their plants and labor to the field. Then, farmers would be more productive, healthier and collect greater income to fulfill their family and community’s living.
So,growing healthy animals remain to be the basis of the groundwork of lively and increasing communities. The daily use of prevention’s tools like modern vaccines, antibiotics and treatments can help farmers to protect their animals. The access to veterinarians also permitthem to guard their animals disease-free. And it will globally caresfor the friends, family and all the people living around them. And last but not least, healthier animals along with healthier families bring up healthier incomes.
Animal health: which role for the FAO
In developing regions, human share very close relationships with the animals. In fact, animals provide transportation, draught power, fuel, clothes and proteins such as meat, milk or egg to humans. FAO takes the animal health at the bottom of the sustainable livestock production.
Animal products remain a source of high-quality food. They are also seen as a source of income for many small farmers and animal holders in developing countries. Economic progressshould get along with the increase in feeding of animal products. Changes in livestock production can intensify the emergence of new pathogens. It can also influence its grow and spread from animals to humans on a larger scale. Healthy environmentand healthy people are likely dependent to healthy animal. To deal with the complexities of changing disease landscapes, a comprehensive approach should be imposed. It is an approach that emphasizes more on agro-ecological resilience, the protection of biodiversity, the efficient use of natural resources and the safety of food supply chains especially within thefieldsthat are deeply afflicted by poverty and animal disease.